Raw Signal Group explains when to mentor, when to coach at #FutureMakers

Securing senior talent is often top of mind for growing Canadian tech startups, but retaining and supporting junior talent to take on leadership roles is generally viewed with disdain.

This week, RBC hosted its latest FutureMakers Talks event on leading tech teams effectively. Management isn’t the sexiest topic in tech, but it’s key to building a culture that helps people scale with the business, and the night provided an opportunity to hear from leaders who have done it before.

The evening kicked off with a keynote from Melissa and Johnathan Nightingale, the co-founders behind leadership training company Raw Signal Group (the Nightingales are also regular contributors to BetaKit). The core of their talk focused on explaining the difference between mentoring and coaching employees; while mentoring includes giving advice and providing perspective based on past experiences, coaching helps people seeking advice come to a conclusion on their own through conversation.

“It’s important to know those not in management can still be leaders.”
 

There’s nothing inherently wrong with either method, but the Nightingales suggested the issue lies in tech leaders automatically defaulting to mentoring when someone just needs coaching. “That’s the tool we use all the time. It’s the tool used for teaching people about programming or surfing or photography, and it’s the tool we use when it’s totally out of line,” said Johnathan.

To understand coaching, Johnathan gave the example of rubber duck debugging; when a developer runs into a problem they can’t seem to solve, they force themselves to explain the problem to a rubber duck. Having a conversation—even with someone who doesn’t know anything about the problem to be solved—forces developers to explain and contextual the problem, often leading them the solution in the process of explaining.

RBC FutueMakers

Melissa stressed that it’s key for tech leaders to understand what kind of conversation they’re having before they have it. “Tech is really good at mentoring; we have some work to do on coaching. When you are a mentor, you’re orienting around the problem that the mentee is describing to you,” she said, such as learning how to code or building a marketing plan. “You’re pulling from stories from own experience where you solved that problem.”

Coaching, on the other hand, is ‘individualized problem exploration.’ “[It means] you have the answer, I’m going to hold up the mirror and help you find it.”

The night also featured insights from Catherine Sawatzky, lead developer at Shopify; Yang Han, co-founder and CTO at StackAdapt; and Geoffrey Peart, director and journey tech lead of Omni at RBC.

Han shared his experience of launching StackAdapt, which sits at 95 employees today. Managing a team were skills he picked up over time, and one of his key learnings was the importance of encouraging ownership on the team. As the team grows and managers begin to delegate responsibility, team members need to feel that ownership early on.

“It’s about helping your team understand how fast they need to go in your industry and how that balances with quality.”

“Your job is to put pieces together in a way where you’re maximizing the efficiency and innovation of your team. It’s important for you to let them know of the importance of ownership and responsibility early on,” Han said. “You’re probably not going to be able to do that as much as the company grows. You’re going to have to give away those responsibilities.”
 

Hiring skilled talent also doesn’t automatically translate to operations running smoothly. Peart highlighted the importance of managers defining what quality means for teams to set them up for success in goal-setting and prioritization.

“You’re an expert in your field, so help your team understand what good quality means to your client—and what’s the speed of your industry?” he said. “It’s about helping your team understand how fast they need to go in your industry and how that balances with quality.”

For technical talent in the room considering moving into leadership roles, Sawatzky shared her personal journey. An experienced senior developer that has transitioned to managing development teams, Sawatzky argued that organizations should be set up in a way that makes room for different types of leadership styles, as leadership does not always mean management; for example, someone can be a strong mentor in an organization.

At the same time, people making the decision to move into a leadership role should know what that looks like within the organization they work for.

“For a long time, because I wanted to keep focus on my technical craft and that’s what I really enjoyed, there wasn’t an outlet for me to do this in a way that I wanted to within previous organizations,” she said. “At my current place of employment, we can choose to be a tech lead or a people lead, or a combination of the two in a manner that suits us. I wanted to keep my technical focus while guiding a small group of people, and this lead role I have now was a chance for me to do that.

“I chose a long transition, and part of that is because it addressed my professional interest, and part of that it was the best choice,” Sawatzky said. “It’s important to know those not in management can still be leaders.”

BetaKit is a FutureMakers media partner.

Images by Mirna Chacin.

Jessica Galang

Jessica Galang

Jessica Galang is BetaKit's News Editor. Follow her on Twitter @jessicagalangg or send her pitches to jessica.galang@betakit.com.